Cito (Toets) Sınavında Yer Alan Terimler

Terms in the Cito (Toets) Exam

You might have seen the my previous article about 'Happiest Kids on the World are in Netherlands'. Ok but why these kids are so happy? Because they are not enforced to take exams which will define their entire life. Like the ones we have in Turkey such as LGS, OSS, YKS etc.

As you can guess it is not completely exam free, there are still some evaluations like so called 'Cito' or in dutch Cito-toets . Are you wondering what the terms (Technisch lezen) in our children's Cito report mean? Which book is right for my child's level in the library (hopefully those days will come soon)? Like what does Avi M5 mean? I tried to answer those questions in my article, so keep reading.

What does ' Technisch lezen ' in our children's Cito report mean?

Technical reading is the ability to turn letters into sounds. This means 'reading technique'.

Children learn words first from one syllable and then from multiple syllables.
Technical reading also involves reading a text well with correct punctuation marks, correct tempo, and correct tone.

During the technical reading lessons, much attention is paid to the correct knowledge of letters and how to pronounce them. Also, there are many apps for converting these letters into words and sentences as quickly as possible.

What is the Difference Between Technical Reading ( Technisch lezen) and Reading Comprehension (Begrijpend lezen)?

Technical reading comes before reading comprehension. Now there may be confusion with reading comprehension, but what is referred to as technical reading is different from reading comprehension. Because even as a parent you can technically read complex texts well, but you don't need to immediately understand what they're saying. In fact, reading comprehension is the step your child takes after being technically able to read.

Technical reading is all about turning letters and letter combinations into correct sounds. Learning to read technically is important because it forms the basis of all reading texts. If your child has mastered technical reading, they can also learn to understand.

If a child reads technically well, it means that the child is reading the words in a text well. This is an important basis for reading comprehension

What is AVI? What Are AVI Levels?

AVI stands for Analysis of Individualization Forms. It was designed in 1977 to measure children's reading levels; This system organizes reading materials at different levels and measures how far children are in their reading development. It gives an idea of ​​how the reading is going and whether adjustments need to be made.

The teacher tests and evaluates how easily a student translates words read into sounds with the AVI test (a Cito test). Therefore, the reading technique is subjected to the test called technical reading. So all in all, an AVI test is not about reading comprehension, but about technical reading skills.

Initially there were nine levels: AVI 1 to AVI 9. Since 2008, a new AVI system has been implemented, which is linked to the primary school years and is more compatible with modern educational techniques. The starting point is the average reading level of a group (M) in the middle and at the end (E).

The first level is called AVI-Start. Then you get M3 (third middle group level) and E3 (3rd end group level). M4 and E4 follow. This continues until the 7th group. The last level is called AVI-Plus

Different AVI levels are also indicated by color . Often you will see a mark with the color of the AVI level on the cover or back cover of a book so that children can easily tell if a book is suitable for their reading level.

AVI Levels

Group 3: AVI Beginner – M3 – E3

Group 4: AVI M4 – E4

Group 5: AVI M5 – E5

Group 6: AVI M6 – E6

Group 7: AVI M7 – E7

Group 8: AVI Plus

How Does the Library Classify Books?

Kütüphanede kitaplar farklı şekilde sınıflandırılır: A, B ve C kategorilerinde AVI seviyeleriyle şu şekilde ilişkilidirler:

A: Up to 9 years old

A-books are generally suitable for children in groups 1 to 5. These include levels AVI Start - AVI E5

B: From 9 to 13 years old

B books are suitable for children in groups 6 - 8. These are AVI M6 to AVI Plus levels.

C: 13 years and older

C books are usually at AVI Plus level.

Drieminutentoets’ (DMT) What is the Three Minute Test?

DMT stands for 'Three Minute Test' in dutch, It is a test that maps technical reading at the vocabulary level. It is a 3-minute test in which the student reads individual words as quickly and accurately as possible. These tests are done in the second half of the school year, in group 3, when the child first learns to read.

The Three Minute Test is a Cito test and is part of the Student Tracking System (LVS). A teacher does the DMT twice a year.

The student is given a card with five or four rows of thirty distinct words. The child should try to read aloud as many of these words as possible within a minute. Words should be read line by line from top to bottom.

While reading, the teacher notes on a score sheet which words were read incorrectly. When the time is up, it checks how many words your child has read. Misread words will be deducted from the score.

Incorrect stress doesn't count as a mistake, but other pronunciation mistakes do. Words spoken aloud (s-a-p [or rather sss-ah-puh] instead of handle) are considered incorrect, unless the word is still spoken in its entirety later. If your child corrects a mistake while reading, this word is also correct.

The three-minute test is done for the first time in the middle of the 3rd group. In this group, most students cannot read words longer than one syllable. Therefore, the 3rd reading card is not used. Some schools prefer not to use the second reading card for the first DMT in the 3rd group.

In group 4, your child will read all the cards each time. In groups 5 and 8, each child starts by reading the 3rd card. Here, if he gets a good score, he doesn't need to read cards 1 and 2, 3. If the points on the card are insufficient, both other cards are read.

How Are Reading Cards Grouped?

Reading card 1: The easiest card contains 150 words with sound / syllables; Quack, oom, bui.
Reading card 2: a slightly more difficult card, here again 150 words with one syllable, only a little more difficult; plooi, strik, barst.
Reading card 3:: the hardest card contains 120 words with two, three or four syllables; Banden, dromerig, keukentafel.

There are three different versions of each card used by all schools. The three cards are used alternately so that children do not have the opportunity to memorize words.

There are different opinions on the utility and importance of DMT . This test has been constantly criticized for being all about reading individual words. This may make you think to what extent the result reflects a child's reading skills.

After all, the ultimate goal of learning to read is that we can read texts. If we can do that, we'll be able to read individual words automatically. In society, you will not encounter situations where you have to read individual words quickly.

So why are we really testing this?


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